Patient-Driven Payment Model (PDPM)

The Patient-Drive Payment Model (PDPM) is here, and AANAC will continue to help you through the transition. Visit this page frequently for new tools, education, and resources for ongoing success under PDPM.

  • Uncomplicating the Interrupted Stay Policy

    By Jessie McGill, RN, RAC-MT, RAC-MTA - September 24, 2019

    SNFs are in the final stage of preparation for Patient-Driven Payment Model (PDPM) implementation, but alongside the payment model’s introduction, new policies are being introduced that add layers of complexity that nurse assessment coordinators (NACs) must master this fall. For example, the new Interrupted Stay Policy adds a whole new critical thinking process to what has been a simplified PPS schedule. However, the Interrupted Stay Policy does not need to cause anxiety—it just needs to be better understood.  Here are seven tips to uncomplicate the Interrupted Stay Policy:

    1.       Understand the two criteria of the Interrupted Stay Policy.

    The Interrupted Stay Policy essentially combines multiple SNF PPS stays that are separated by less than three days into one stay when the resident meets both of the following criteria:

    1.       Resident returns to the same skilled nursing facility (SNF), and

    2.       Returns by 11:59 pm of the third calendar day

    The Interruption Stay Policy also introduces the concept of the “interruption window,” which begins with the calendar day of discharge and includes the two calendar days immediately following. If the resident’s Medicare stay ends, and the resident remains in the facility with benefit days remaining, then the interruption window begins on the first non-covered day and includes the next two calendar days.

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  • TIP: Section GG Coding and IPAs

    By AANAC - September 24, 2019
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  • Q&A: How does the MDS reflect when therapy has discharged or missed three days under PDPM?

    By Scott Heichel RN, CIC, RAC-MT, DNS-CT, QCP - September 24, 2019
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  • CMS Makes Direct Link Between Outcomes and Medical Review

    By Caralyn Davis, Staff Writer - September 11, 2019

    Under the Patient-Driven Payment Model (PDPM), resident outcomes will be key to avoiding medical review, said officials with the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) during the August 14 Skilled Nursing Facility Quality Reporting Program (SNF QRP) training session, Patient-Driven Payment Model: What Is Changing (and What Is Not). Note: Find the session slides here.

     

    The goal of PDPM is for SNFs to provide value-driven care, said officials. “Fundamentally, it comes down to a balance. A high-value and efficient provider is one that is able to achieve high-quality outcomes at low cost.”

     

    CMS measures SNF quality of care in three main ways:

    • The SNF QRP;

    • The Skilled Nursing Facility Value-Based Purchasing (SNF VBP) program; and

    • The Five-Star Quality Reporting System on Nursing Home Compare.

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  • TIP: PDPM Resources Updated

    By AANAC - September 11, 2019
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  • Q&A: What is the primary ICD-10-CM code to use when a resident has weakness related to sepsis, but the sepsis is resolved prior to SNF admission?

    By Carol Maher, RN-BC, CPC, RAC-MT - September 11, 2019
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  • Q&A: Will the Medicare Physician Certification process will be changing as of October 1?

    By Jennifer LaBay, RN, RAC-MT, RAC-MTA - September 11, 2019
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  • Interrupted-Stay Policy: CMS Clarifies Noncovered Days

    By Caralyn Davis, Staff Writer - September 04, 2019

    Under the Patient-Driven Payment Model (PDPM), the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) will implement an interrupted-stay policy for the first time in the Skilled Nursing Facility Prospective Payment System (SNF PPS). The agency is already ironing out some potential bumps in the implementation process. Following the release of the draft v1.17 Long-Term Care Facility Resident Assessment Instrument 3.0 User’s Manual, CMS has clarified the new policy to account for the difference in how the day of discharge is treated for Part A residents who physically discharge from the SNF vs. those who discharge from Part A and remain in the building (e.g., as a Medicaid resident).

     

    CMS officials reviewed key aspects of the interrupted-stay policy, including this new clarification that impacts the count of noncovered days, during two sessions at the August 14 Skilled Nursing Facility Quality Reporting Program (SNF QRP) training event: Section A, I, J, and O Updates and Patient-Driven Payment Model: What Is Changing (and What Is Not). 

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  • FY 2020 PDPM ICD-10 Mapping Tool and MDS Item I0020B ICD-10 Code Lookup Tool (9/19)

    By CMS - September 03, 2019

    CMS has released the PDPM ICD-10 Mappings File for FY 2020 as well as the I0020B Code Lookup File. 

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  • PDPM FAQs and Fact Sheets_Revised (9/19)

    By CMS - September 03, 2019

    Fact Sheets

    This section includes fact sheets on a variety of PDPM related topics.

    • Administrative Level of Care Presumption under the PDPM
    • PDPM Payments for SNF Patients with HIV/AIDS
    • Concurrent and Group Therapy Limit
    • PDPM Functional and Cognitive Scoring
    • Interrupted Stay Policy
    • MDS Changes
    • NTA Comorbidity Score
    • PDPM Patient Classification
    • Variable Per Diem Adjustment

    PDPM Frequently Asked Questions

    This section contains frequently asked questions (FAQs) related to PDPM policy and implementation.

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  • Final MDS 3.0 Data Specs for Oct. 1, 2019 Implementation (8/19)

    By CMS - August 21, 2019

    The FINAL version (V3.00.1) of the MDS 3.0 Data Specifications was posted.  This version is scheduled to become effective October 1, 2019.  Note that there have been additional revisions since the errata – they can be identified by looking for “post-errata” in the version notes for the items and edits.

    In addition,  V1.04.0 of the MDS 3.0 CAT Specifications  is also scheduled to become effective October 1, 2019. The specification for CAT 12 (Nutritional Status) has been updated in accordance with the changes in V3.00.0 of the MDS 3.0 Data Specifications.
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  • Under PDPM, Group/Concurrent Therapy Will Need NAC Case Management

    By Caralyn Davis, Staff Writer - August 13, 2019

    When the Patient-Driven Payment Model (PDPM) implements this October 1 in the fee-for-service Medicare Part A Skilled Nursing Facility Prospective Payment System (SNF PPS), concurrent therapy, group therapy, and even restorative nursing will once again take on a renewed importance as tools for achieving a resident’s clinical goals, says Joel VanEaton, BSN, RN, RAC-MT, vice president of compliance and regulatory affairs for Broad River Rehab in Asheville, NC.

     

    “However, you may run into trouble if SNFs or therapists simply dictate, ‘We will do X amount of concurrent and group therapy,’” suggests VanEaton. “PDPM is intended to be a reimbursement system that elevates the resident’s voice by ensuring that resident care decisions appropriately reflect each resident’s actual care needs.”

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  • Interrupted Stay Tracker Tool

    By AANAC - August 13, 2019
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  • TIP: Aug. 13 CMS SNF QRP Training Provides Clarification

    By AANAC - August 13, 2019
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  • Q&A: For residents admitted during the last week of September, how would we schedule the admission and 5-day assessments?

    By Scott Heichel RN, RAC-MT, DNS-CT, QCP, CIC - August 13, 2019
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