Patient-Driven Payment Model (PDPM)

The Patient-Drive Payment Model (PDPM) is scheduled to begin Oct. 1, 2019, and AANAC is here to help!

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services released the Fiscal Year (FY) 2019 Skilled Nursing Facility Prospective Payment System (SNF PPS) final rule, which solidified their plans to implement PDPM.  PDPM is set to replace the RUG-IV case-mix classification model that has been the hallmark of SNF PPS for years. This new payment system will be unlike anything SNFs have seen before! You and your staff have a lot to do to get ready for PDPM, and AANAC will be with you the entire way.  Visit this page frequently to get tools, education, and resources to help you lead your team readiness.

  • CMS Makes Direct Link Between Outcomes and Medical Review

    By Caralyn Davis, Staff Writer - September 11, 2019

    Under the Patient-Driven Payment Model (PDPM), resident outcomes will be key to avoiding medical review, said officials with the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) during the August 14 Skilled Nursing Facility Quality Reporting Program (SNF QRP) training session, Patient-Driven Payment Model: What Is Changing (and What Is Not). Note: Find the session slides here.

     

    The goal of PDPM is for SNFs to provide value-driven care, said officials. “Fundamentally, it comes down to a balance. A high-value and efficient provider is one that is able to achieve high-quality outcomes at low cost.”

     

    CMS measures SNF quality of care in three main ways:

    • The SNF QRP;

    • The Skilled Nursing Facility Value-Based Purchasing (SNF VBP) program; and

    • The Five-Star Quality Reporting System on Nursing Home Compare.

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  • TIP: PDPM Resources Updated

    By AANAC - September 11, 2019
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  • Q&A: What is the primary ICD-10-CM code to use when a resident has weakness related to sepsis, but the sepsis is resolved prior to SNF admission?

    By Carol Maher, RN-BC, CPC, RAC-MT - September 11, 2019
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  • Q&A: Will the Medicare Physician Certification process will be changing as of October 1?

    By Jennifer LaBay, RN, RAC-MT, RAC-MTA - September 11, 2019
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  • Interrupted-Stay Policy: CMS Clarifies Noncovered Days

    By Caralyn Davis, Staff Writer - September 04, 2019

    Under the Patient-Driven Payment Model (PDPM), the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) will implement an interrupted-stay policy for the first time in the Skilled Nursing Facility Prospective Payment System (SNF PPS). The agency is already ironing out some potential bumps in the implementation process. Following the release of the draft v1.17 Long-Term Care Facility Resident Assessment Instrument 3.0 User’s Manual, CMS has clarified the new policy to account for the difference in how the day of discharge is treated for Part A residents who physically discharge from the SNF vs. those who discharge from Part A and remain in the building (e.g., as a Medicaid resident).

     

    CMS officials reviewed key aspects of the interrupted-stay policy, including this new clarification that impacts the count of noncovered days, during two sessions at the August 14 Skilled Nursing Facility Quality Reporting Program (SNF QRP) training event: Section A, I, J, and O Updates and Patient-Driven Payment Model: What Is Changing (and What Is Not). 

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  • Under PDPM, Group/Concurrent Therapy Will Need NAC Case Management

    By Caralyn Davis, Staff Writer - August 13, 2019

    When the Patient-Driven Payment Model (PDPM) implements this October 1 in the fee-for-service Medicare Part A Skilled Nursing Facility Prospective Payment System (SNF PPS), concurrent therapy, group therapy, and even restorative nursing will once again take on a renewed importance as tools for achieving a resident’s clinical goals, says Joel VanEaton, BSN, RN, RAC-MT, vice president of compliance and regulatory affairs for Broad River Rehab in Asheville, NC.

     

    “However, you may run into trouble if SNFs or therapists simply dictate, ‘We will do X amount of concurrent and group therapy,’” suggests VanEaton. “PDPM is intended to be a reimbursement system that elevates the resident’s voice by ensuring that resident care decisions appropriately reflect each resident’s actual care needs.”

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  • Interrupted Stay Tracker Tool

    By AANAC - August 13, 2019
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  • TIP: Aug. 13 CMS SNF QRP Training Provides Clarification

    By AANAC - August 13, 2019
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  • Q&A: For residents admitted during the last week of September, how would we schedule the admission and 5-day assessments?

    By Scott Heichel RN, RAC-MT, DNS-CT, QCP, CIC - August 13, 2019
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  • PDPM At-a-Glance Tool

    By AANAC - August 07, 2019
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  • First Comes PDPM, Then Comes a SNF QRP Tsunami

    By Caralyn Davis, Staff Writer - August 02, 2019

    Nurse assessment coordinators (NACs) won’t be able to take much of a breather following the October 1, 2019, implementation of the new Patient-Driven Payment Model (PDPM) case-mix classification system for the fee-for-service Medicare Part A Skilled Nursing Facility Prospective Payment System (SNF PPS). NACs will have exactly one year to get comfortable with PDPM before their interdisciplinary team has to begin submitting data for 59.5 new Standardized Patient Assessment Data Elements (SPADEs) across the PPS admission and PPS discharge assessments that will be required under the data submission threshold requirement for the Skilled Nursing Facility Quality Reporting Program (SNF QRP). This includes four SPADEs that will be used to calculate and check the logic of two new MDS-based SNF QRP quality measures (QMs) involving the Transfer of Health Information IMPACT Act domain.

    One of the few breaks NACs received in the Fiscal Year (FY) 2020 SNF PPS Final Rule is that CMS has put off plans to expand the SNF QRP to all SNF residents regardless of payer source. Here are the highlights NACs need to know about.

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  • Spelling Out the Differences Between the IPA and SCSA

    By Jessie McGill, RN, RAC-MT, RAC-MTA - August 01, 2019

    The Significant Change in Status Assessment (SCSA) may be considered an “old dog” in the assessment world, but we will need to learn new tricks under the Patient-Driven Payment Model (PDPM). While the SCSA is an OBRA assessment, historically it could count as a PPS assessment, and could therefore affect payment when completed during a resident’s Medicare stay. Under PDPM, that is no longer the case. The newly-introduced Interim Payment Assessment (IPA) will be the only assessment, beyond the 5-day, that will be able change a resident’s Medicare rate. While this assessment seems to have similarities to the SCSA, nurse assessment coordinators (NACs) must understand the key differences for criteria, scheduling, timing, and payment and survey implications to ensure success under PDPM.  

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  • Finetune Section GG Coding to Prevent Inaccurate Payments

    By Caralyn Davis, Staff Writer - August 01, 2019

    In the current RUG-IV case-mix classification system used in the Medicare Part A Skilled Nursing Facility Prospective Payment System (SNF PPS), the activities-of-daily living (ADL) score derived from MDS section G (Functional Status) factors into the calculation of every case-mix group. Effective October 1, that all changes. While section G will still be important for care planning and some quality measures (QMs), section GG (Functional Abilities and Goals) will take over on the payment front, providing functional scores that will be used in case-mix classification for three of the five case-mix-adjusted payment components under the new Patient-Driven Payment Model (PDPM): physical therapy (PT), occupational therapy (OT), and nursing.

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  • PDPM FY2020: MDS Nurse FTE Calculator Tool

    By AANAC - August 01, 2019
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  • Q&A: For the transitional IPA, if we use an ARD of 10/7 and the payment starts on the ARD for an IPA, how will we be paid for the first 6 days?

    By Mark McDavid, OTR, RAC-CT, CHC - August 01, 2019
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