Q&A: Where in the regulations does it say that you need to have a care plan meeting?
Question: Where in the regulations does it say that you need to have a care plan meeting?
Answer: The mechanics of the care plan meeting are not specified; these are up to the facility. The critical part is what the care plan addresses and how the IDT contributed to provide the greatest benefit to the resident:
In the Transmittal R173SOMA - the finalized Appendix PP (effective 11-28-17):
§483.21(b) Comprehensive Care Plans
§483.21(b)(2) A comprehensive care plan must be-
(i) Developed within 7 days after completion of the comprehensive assessment.
(ii) Prepared by an interdisciplinary team, that includes but is not limited to--
(A) The attending physician.
(B) A registered nurse with responsibility for the resident.
(C) A nurse aide with responsibility for the resident.
(D) A member of food and nutrition services staff.
(E) To the extent practicable, the participation of the resident and the resident's representative(s). An explanation must be included in a resident's medical record if the participation of the resident and their resident representative is determined not practicable for the development of the resident's care plan.
(F) Other appropriate staff or professionals in disciplines as determined by the resident's needs or as requested by the resident.
(iii)Reviewed and revised by the interdisciplinary team after each assessment, including both the comprehensive and quarterly review assessments.
In the GUIDANCE section for §483.21(b)(2) the State Operations Manual (SOM) goes on to say:
Facility staff must develop the comprehensive care plan within seven days of the completion of the comprehensive assessment (Admission, Annual or Significant Change in Status) and review and revise the care plan after each assessment. "After each assessment" means after each assessment known as the Resident Assessment Instrument (RAI) or Minimum Data Set (MDS) as required by §483.20, except discharge assessments. For newly admitted residents, the comprehensive care plan must be completed within seven days of the completion of the comprehensive assessment and no more than 21 days after admission.
As used in this requirement, "Interdisciplinary" means that professional disciplines, as appropriate, will work together to provide the greatest benefit to the resident. It does not mean that every goal must have an interdisciplinary approach. The mechanics of how the interdisciplinary team (IDT) meets its responsibilities in developing an interdisciplinary care plan (e.g., a face-to-face meeting, teleconference, written communication) is at the discretion of the facility. In instances where an IDT member participates in care plan development, review or revision via written communication, the written communication in the medical record must reflect involvement of the resident and resident representative, if applicable, and other members of the IDT, as appropriate
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